Before we get to the kinds of fire extinguishers required for different disasters, we need to understand the various types of fire. Each class of fire depends on the source of the fire itself. These include:
- Class A Fires – fires caused by combustibles like wood, metal, cloth, paper, rubber, and plastics.
- Class B Fires – fires caused by flammable liquids like gasoline and grease.
- Class C Fires – energized electrical fires.
- Class D Fires – fires caused by electric appliances
- Class K Fires – fires caused by cooking oil, animal oils, vegetable oils
All of these classes require different kinds of fire extinguishers to put them out.
What Type Of Fire Extinguisher Is Best For Lithium Batteries?
Lithium batteries have a failure rate of less than one million and are generally very safe to use –but of course, accidents can and do happen.
In that case, the Class D fire extinguisher is your best bet when dealing with Lithium-ion batteries. We use Class D fire extinguishers on combustible metals, which need a non-reactive medium to extinguish them.
Water is ineffective when it comes to large Lithium fires like that of an electric vehicle fire. Lithium is highly reactive with water, and adding water can make the fire worse. Water mixed with a copper metal is a good option, but it’s costly and hard to access.
Stick to Class D fire extinguishers when it comes to Lithium fires.
Note: Do not use Class D fire extinguishers to put out other fires, and make sure regular extinguishers are always available.
What Type Of Fire Extinguisher Works Best For A Kitchen?
Kitchen fires are termed Class K fires, for which we use the Class B extinguishers. Class K fires occur when we use flammable cooking media like vegetable oils, animal oils, or fats.
There are two kinds of Class B fire extinguishers for kitchen use.
- Dry powder fire-extinguisher, which is labeled blue
- CO2 fire extinguisher, which is labeled black
The Dry Powder Fire Extinguisher works instantly. The only downside is that the residue will get into all the nooks and crannies of the kitchen and appliances. Depending on the fire range, that could mean a lot of cleaning up afterward, and you most likely will not be able to use your kitchen for a while.
What Fire Extinguisher Type Works In A Garage?
Garage fires happen because of combustible gases like Ethanol, propane, and gasoline. These gases are easy to extinguish once you get to the source but spread incredibly fast.
We use the Class B fire extinguisher on flammable and combustible liquids.
What Type of Fire Extinguisher Do I Need For My Barn?
Barns are super susceptible to catching fires because they store all sorts of combustible materials – hay, organic matter, wood, textiles, and more.
That’s why barns make use of the ABC or the multipurpose fire extinguisher, which comes in the form of pale yellow fire.
Class ABC fire extinguisher can put out three classes of fires:
- Class A fires – fires caused by trash, wood, and paper
- Class B fires – fires caused by liquids and gases.
- Class C fires – fires caused by electrical equipment
What Fire Extinguisher Type Is Best For Car Fires?
Vehicle fires are of two kinds, depending on the vehicle type. Firstly, the Class B fires – very high-risk, almost fatal fires that can spread very fast if not contained. Secondly, the Class C fires – these usually happen in Electric Cars or Hybrid Cars, which involve ‘energized’ electrical components.
The kinds of fire extinguishers that are best for car fires are
- Dry chemical fire extinguishers
- Clean agent fire extinguishers
- Halogenated extinguisher
Dry chemical fire extinguishers and clean agent fire extinguishers put out the fires caused by chemical and electronic sources. The halogenated extinguisher is a mix of gases that collectively put out Class B and C fires.
The fire extinguishers you need to avoid when it comes to car fires include Water, Foam, and CO2 extinguishers.
What Type Of Fire Extinguisher Is Required For An Office?
Office fires involve a multitude of sources – wood, paint, electrical equipment, and more. Therefore, the kinds of extinguishers required for an office include those with multiple purposes.
These are as follows:
- The air pressurized water fire extinguisher (APW) is for fires caused by wood or fabrics.
- A Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguisher is for fires caused by combustible liquids.
- Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers or ABC fire extinguishers are for extinguishing fires of A, B, and C Classes
- Foam Fire Extinguishers are for extinguishing fires by flammable gases and liquids and wood and fabrics.
What Fire Extinguisher Type Is Best For A Laboratory?
Laboratories are full of dangerous and flammable chemicals; these chemicals are hazardous enough to cause damage to the entire building.
We use different kinds of fire extinguishers for laboratory fires, including:
- ABC Fire Extinguisher – this can put out multiple classes of fire initiated from wood, fabric, electrical resources and
- Water Mist Fire Extinguisher – this can extinguish fires of A, B, C, and K kinds of fires, without leaving any residue or discharge.
- C02 Fire Extinguisher – only for electrical risks because CO2 may react with other elements in the laboratory and further increase the fire
- Metal Fire Extinguisher – these add a layer of non-reactive metals over the inflammable substances.
What Fire Extinguisher Type Works For A Gasoline Fire?
The fires caused by gasoline are classed as Class B fires, and the fire extinguishers involved with such fires include the following:
- CO2 Extinguishers
- Dry Chemical Extinguishers
Both of these fire extinguishers use compressed gases to stop the fire from spreading. They require special preparation and usage; be careful about handling them. The best way to stop the fire from a fuel source is to cut off the supply.
What Type Of Fire Extinguisher Works Best For An Alcohol And Ethanol Fire?
Alcohol and Ethanol are highly flammable elements and are easily made by small sparks of electricity and heat. These fires require special alcohol-resistant foam to be put out, and that’s found in the following kinds of fire extinguishers.
- CO2 fire extinguishers
- Dry Chemical fire extinguishers
- Halon based fire extinguishers
- Any extinguisher marked as B, C, BC, or ABC.
Note: Don’t use water to control alcohol-based fire! It’s only going to get worse.
What Type of Fire Extinguisher is Required For a Xylene Fire?
Xylene is a hazardous substance that’s flammable at room temperature. It’s found in paints, inks, adhesives, and thinning agents.
The fire extinguishers needed for Xylene fires include
- Water Spray Extinguisher
- Alcohol Resistant Foam Extinguisher
- Dry Chemical Extinguisher
- Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher
What Type Of Fire Extinguishers Works For Wood Fires?
The fires caused by solid flammable materials like wood, textiles, and paper are termed Class A fires. They’re put out by Water Fire Extinguishers.
What Type of Fire Extinguisher puts out a natural gas fire?
Natural gases are highly flammable; these involve propane, butane, acetylene. We classify these fires as Class C.
- Dry Chemical Extinguisher
- Alcohol Resistant Foam Extinguisher
You should use these existing fire extinguishers after cutting the gas supply. Try not to use a liquid-based extinguisher, as they might cause the fire to spread further.
What Fire Extinguisher Type Is Best For Welding?
Welding fires have sources in solid fuels, paper, fabric, woods, and electrical connections. The best way to put out a fire in a place where welding happens is by using the following extinguishers.
- CO2 Extinguisher
- Dry Powder Extinguisher
That’s because there are a lot of electric fires in the areas where welding happens.
Note: Do not use an extinguisher based on water. Also, as a preventative measure, don’t weld flammable items.
What Fire Extinguisher Type Puts Out Plastic Fires?
Plastic fires are one of the messiest ones out there. Burning plastic causes large amounts of thick smoke and a revolting odor. When they melt, the solid heat may ignite other fires and cause the fire investigators to be confused about the source.
These are classed as Class A fires and can be extinguished by
- Water-Based Fire Extinguishers – these involve the water fire, water spray, and the water mist extinguishers
- Wet Chemical Extinguishers
What Type Of Fire Extinguisher Works Best For Grease Fires?
Grease fires are pretty easy to put out and don’t cause a lot of damage. Usually, you just have to turn off the heat source, add some salt or baking soda, and the fire usually simmers down.
If it doesn’t, you can use the following fire extinguishers.
- Dry Chemical Fire Extinguisher
- CO2 fire extinguisher
Note: Don’t use water to put out the fire! It also goes without saying, don’t touch the pot that’s on fire.
What Type of Fire Extinguishers Do I Need For Rocket Fuel Fire?
This is a very industry-specific one. Rockets or missiles use an explosive, charge-based device. This device is initiated by electricity or heat – and the extinguishing agent is called ethylene glycol.
Rocket Fuel Fire is extinguished by using an airtight sealed gas propellant cartridge with ethylene glycol.
What Type Of Fire Extinguishers Works For Electrical Fires?
Electric fires are the fires that are started by electrical equipment and are classed as Class C Fires. The following kinds of extinguishers put these out.
- Dry Powder Extinguishers
- CO2 Extinguishers
Of course, don’t use water extinguishers to put out an electrical fire.