Fire Escape Chutes vs. Fire Escape Slides

The speed of technology and innovation has made it possible to explore better ways to escaping life-threatening fires.

Fire escape chutes and slides are some of the better fire escape methods. These options are more efficient and cost-effective than fire escape ladders, which have dominated the fire escape equipment market for a long time. 

Today, we will explore what fire escape chutes and slides are and discuss both options’ benefits and drawbacks. 

Fire Escape Chutes

Fire escape chutes are built for only one purpose, to assist people while they evacuate from a building in emergencies such as fires or earthquakes. They are made of fabric that slows the occupant down through friction.

These chutes are mostly installed in buildings where having a fire escape ladder is not practical due to the property’s architecture. For example, taller buildings greater than three or four stories are not well suited for fire escape ladders. This is because it will take a lot longer for people to exit a building using ladders than to use a chute, which will deliver them safely to the ground within seconds. 

Utilizing fire escape chutes is easy as well. Just drop into the chute from an access point on the floor you are on, and then the chute will do the rest. Before you know it, you will be safely on the ground.

Fire Escape Slides

A fire escape slide is similar to a fire escape chute. The differences are the design — which is angled rather than vertical — and the use of metal and plastic vs. fabric for chutes.

Fire Escape Sign Ceiling

Stainless steel fire escape slides are much more durable than their plastic counterparts. They are also weather-resistant, ensuring they will function safely after years of exposure to sun, ran and snow.

Inflatable fire escape chutes can be purchased for home use. These are easily stored under your bed or in a closet.

Inflatable fire escape slides are also used on aircraft to evacuate passengers from the plane quickly. 

Two things to keep in mind when considering a fire escape slide over a chute:

  1. You need considerably more space outside the building to deploy it because the slide is slanted at an angle to make the descent smooth and safe. In comparison, escape chutes are vertical and do not need much room to deploy.
  2. Slides only work up to 3-4 stories or so. Above that the slide becomes so long that it’s impractical to install and deploy.

What are the Different Types of Fire Escape Chutes? 

The design of a fire escape chute depends on the country you install it in.

The most common design is a chute with a combination of three different fabric layers. The outer layer is fire and tear-proof, whereas the inner layers are flexible and heat resistant to allow for a safe escape while protecting from friction burns. This design is mostly used in Sweden. 

Australia and Korea have designed their chutes with a flexible ring to keep the escapee tucked in for a slow descent.

German chutes are unique as they feature a spiral slide inside the chute.

In the United States chutes are see-through and made with a Nylon net set at an angle.

What are the Different Types of Fire Escape Slides?

The geometry of most fire escape slides is the same. A fully enclosed and angled tunnel or U-shaped channel mounted to the side of the building (or inside a window in the case of an inflatable slide).

The major difference is the material used to construct these slides. Stainless steel is utilized commonly since it is durable and long-lasting, especially if you are using it with tall buildings.

Other options are inflatable slides made of heavy fire resistant rubber or nylong material with a slick outer coating. These can be inflated within a few seconds to evacuate the building.

In some cases, people also construct slides using concrete. These are rare because they break down in the weather and become unsafe, on top of taking a lot of time and materials to build.

Pros and Cons of Fire Escape Chutes 

Pros

  • Significantly lower cost compared to fire escape ladders.
  • Instant descent in case a fire breaks out.
  • No maintenance required.
  • Easy to use
  • It does not take a lot of space.
  • No structural compromises needed for installation.

Cons

  • Limit on how many people can use it at a time.
  • The fabric may deteriorate over time.

Pros and Cons of Fire Escape Slides

Pros

  • Significantly lower cost compared to fire escape ladders.
  • Faster escape route than a fire staircase but slower than a chute.
  • Easy to use
  • Stainless steel slides have a long life.
  • The shape of the slide can be tailored according to your needs.
  • Can easily evacuate children and the elderly

Cons

  • More expensive than a fire escape chute.
  • It May take longer to evacuate through a slide.
  • Structural compromises might be needed for installation.

Wrapping Up

Both fire escape chutes and slides are effective options if you want to incorporate fire safety into a building or home. To make your choice easier, you need to evaluate your own needs. If you are looking for durability, then a stainless-steel slide is the best option you got. 

On the other hand, if you want a fire safety option for which you don’t have to make many structural compromises, then a fire escape chute is the way to go.

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